Atopic Dermatitis is a chronic, very itchy skin rash. It usually occurs on the body or various areas of the body which is a disease near the body and occurs in people of all sexes and ages. But very few people realize and understand that symptoms or may not even know they have it. Therefore not receiving appropriate treatment Causing chronic symptoms
Assoc. Prof. Ratana Walai Nitiyarom, Lecturer in Dermatology Department of Pediatrics Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital Mentioned that the incidence of this disease Atopic dermatitis is a common disease. It can be called one of the most popular diseases of Thai children today. The incidence of this disease depends on the age group. In Thai children, about 9-17% is found, while adults are found about 10-15%. Most are found in young children from the first year, with 85% found in children in the first 5 years.
The appearance of allergic skin rashes.
There are 3 types of skin allergy rashes in patients:
The acute phase is a red swollen rash with small watery blisters. Some people may have lymph drainage. Very itchy
The subacute phase is red rash, blister, dry, scaly, some scaly, and itching.
In the chronic stage, the rash is not very red or brown in color, it may be bulging and thick and clearly visible furrows of the skin. Extremely itching, some chronic patients have severe itching that can affect their life and family. As well as affect confidence and socialization Some patients may choose to wear multiple skin-covering clothing. Body part Because of shame Leading to effects on the mental state Stress, anxiety, and eventually lead to depression
Causes of allergic skin rash
Assoc. Prof. Papapit Tuchinda, Head of the Department of Skin Allergy And immunology Department of Dermatology Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital said that this disease has no clear cause. It is believed to be caused by a number of factors, including ambbet
Hereditary factor Which is an internal factor of patients with skin abnormalities in conjunction with the abnormal immune system In the event that one of the parents has allergies, including food allergies, atopic dermatitis, asthma and allergic rhinitis. Children are 38 percent more likely to develop atopic dermatitis, but if both parents have a history of allergic diseases. Your child will have a 58 percent chance of developing atopic dermatitis, but this is not true for everyone.
Have the environment as a trigger for relapse Each patient has different stimulating factors. Common triggers such as extreme heat or cold Skin infection An allergy to certain foods, such as eggs, cow's milk, or wheat flour Wearing irritating clothing Or contact with substances that cause irritation, etc.